The first permanent settlement in Anahuac was in 1821 when a Spanish fortress, previously established there, was made a port of entry for American colonists. The origin of the name Anahuac is uncertain; perhaps it was derived from pre-Aztec Nawatlan tribes, or from a later Indian word.
Named Alligator Capital of Texas in 1989 by the Texas Legislature, Anahuac boasts more alligators than people. Home of the Texas Gatorfest, Anahuac stages two days each September in Fort Anahuac Park during alligator hunting season. As the seat of Chambers County, Anahuac serves the rice, cattle, seafood, and oil- producing area.