Coleman was founded in 1876 on Hords Creek, an area of rolling, grassy plains and wide bottom lands. A typical frontier settlement, the first store was hardly completed before a cemetery was laid out for a loser in a cowboy gunfight.
Today, the seat of Coleman County is in an area still devoted to large scale ranching; additional income comes from oil, natural gas, limestone, and high-grade glass sand from Santa Anna Mountain eight miles southeast.
Coleman lies on U.S. 84, a segment of the Ports to Plains Highway connecting the state's heartland to coastal ports. Coleman also boasts abundant hunting of deer, quail, dove and turkey. Fishing, boating and water sports are popular on three area lakes.
The Coleman PRCA Rodeo is held annually, and the Fiesta de la Paloma is the first weekend in October. Visit the Brandin' Wall, located on the south wall of the Coleman County Chamber of Commerce building.