The first settlements in Dickens grew from dugout line camps used by cowboys of the famous Spur, Pitchfork, and Matador ranches. Dickens began as an early pioneer settlement, growing as a rich cotton and cattle producing region. The seat of Dickens County was founded in 1891 and incorporated in 1934. The county was created in 1876 from Young and Bexar territories.
Today, it serves as a retail center for a large ranching and farming area, and is known to hunters as the "Unofficial Wild Boar Capital of Texas."
Dickens is eight miles below the escarpment of the Cap Rock (High Plains), and the nearby Croton Brakes region, east of Dickens on U.S. 82, is a scenic area of colorful canyons, buttes and small creeks. Inquire locally for directions.
The Dickens County Courthouse features several outside memorials. A memorial walk contains bricks engraved with the names of early county residents and their families.