Established in 1873 as the GH&SA Railroad (now part of the Southern Pacific) was moving west, Schulenburg was named for Louis Schulenburg who donated land for the depot. Schulenburg is a German word meaning, "school town." Its German-Czech heritage is reflected in offerings of the city's eating establishments.
Wolters Park, at the south end of Bohlmann Street, includes an area for picnicking, rest rooms and other recreational facilities. It also includes the Jacob Wolters' 1835 log cabin.
Schulenburg lies along the Texas Pioneer Trail covering a four-county area, and is noted for many historic buildings, homes, and historical markers.