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Neosho County, KS

Neosho CountyThe land of which Neosho County is now a part was an Indian hunting ground for the Osages and other members of the Sioux Tribe when first visited by the white man. In 1838, a treaty was made whereby the New York Indians traded their lands in Wisconsin for 1,824,000 in Kansas, lying just north of the Cherokee Neutral Strip and the Osage lands, being 320 acres for each member of the Senecas, Onondagas, Cayugas, Tuscaroras, Oneidas, St. Regis, Stolkbridges, Munsees and Brothertowns.

Neosho County was established under the name of Dorn County by the so-called Bogus legislature held at Shawnee in 1855, as the Territorial Capital before Kansas became a state. Dorn was split into Neosho and Labette Counties in 1861. The name Neosho had been used by the Kansas Indians many years before white settlement. George Sibley of the Santa Fe Trail survey team mentioned the Nee Ozho River in his journal entry of August 5, 1825. Ne means "water" and osho means "stream in" or "stream with water in it."

The Osages described the color of Neosho as "Water-Like-the-Skin-of-a-Summer-Cow- Wapiti." Pioneers sometimes referred to the river as Noshow because it occasionally went dry in the summer.

Explore Neosho County

Thayer Museum

Citizens of the area, hoping to retain our history, have established the Thayer Museum in the old Thayer Bank building, listed on the Kansas Register of Historic Places. Thayer State Bank opened in 1900 and closed in 1932

Thayer, KS Museums

Highland Park

Stop and relax at Highland Park while you are enjoying your stay in Chanute. Recreational opportunities include fishing, picnicing with a shelter, a playground, and tennis.

Chanute, KS Recreation


St. Francis Cemetery

St. Francis Cemetery, located half a mile east of St. Paul, is by succession the oldest cemetery in Neosho county known to have been used by white people. When the Jesuits first came to the Osage country in 1847

St. Paul, KS Cemeteries

St. Francis Hieronymo Church

In 1847, the Mother Church of the Diocese of Wichita was set up in one of the government-built log structures at the Catholic Osage Mission. The missionaries dedicated the church to the patronage of St. Francis Hieronymo, a Jesuit, who had been canonized by the Church as a saint on May 10, 1839

St. Paul, KS Historic Churches

Memorial Auditorium

If your interests are music or theatre, Chanute's Memorial Auditorium recently underwent a series of major improvements, making it one of the finest facilities of its kind in Kansas. The 1,200

Chanute, KS Arts

Davis Victorian Bed & Breakfast

You won't want to miss the charm and elegance of this beautiful old Victorian home built in the 1870

Thayer, KS Historic Buildings


Historic Homes Tour

Discover Chanute's rich historical heritage. Explore tree-lined streets made of hand-laid brick and note the architectural and cultural significance of many of Chanute's historic downtown buildings and elegant homes. A printed brochure of 24 sites dating mostly from 1890 to 1907

Chanute, KS Tours

Martin & Osa Johnson Safari Museum

Located in the beautifully restored Santa Fe depot, this unique attraction preserves the work of these famous wildlife photographers whose cameras introduced the exotic treasures of Africa and the South Pacific to many Americans in the early 1900

Chanute, KS Museums

Erie Veteran's Memorial

Dedicated in July, 2008, the Erie Veteran'

Erie, KS Memorials

Safari Golf Course

The Safari Golf Course is a 9

Chanute, KS Golf Courses

Explore Neosho County