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Ashland Archaeological District - NHR


category : Archaeology

The Ashland Archeological District, registered on the National Register of Historic Places, contains a variety of temporally diverse features, primarily representing late prehistoric (Oneota and Central Plains traditions, A.D. 1000-1400) and protohistoric (some undefined relationship to the post-contact Lower Loup phase) occupations. Presently there is only limited evidence of earlier prehistoric remains (Plains Archaic and Plains Woodland traditions).


Included are house floors attributable to both the Oneota and Central Plains traditions, interior and exterior cache pits assigned to the Oneota, Central Plains, and possibly Lower Loup, as well as burials that probably represent Plains Archaic, Plains Woodland, Oneota, and Central Plains traditions. The Oto tribes and their predecessors that occupied the area around Ashland traditionally buried their dead in mound burial sites. Such sites have been identified and preserved in Mahoney State Park.

Midden deposits have also been defined on the upper ridge occupied by the Oneota remains, as well as on the terrace, where cache pits of possible Lower Loup association were found. The lithic materials found throughout the district suggest that procurement and processing of locally available stone may have been one reason for the concentration of activity occurring in this area over a considerable period of time. Trade materials in the "Lower Loup" area and in one Oneota burial indicate some level of European contact.

Currently the site covers roughly 180 acres along the south bank of Salt Creek.


Come visit us in Ashland, Nebraska

Attractions and Upcoming Events

Archie Hightshoe Animal Collection

Nestled among the storefronts of Ashland, Nebraska is Willow Point Gallery, the home of The Archie Hightshoe Big Game Collection, or as local people call it, "Home of the Bear." There, for the delight of all ages, over 30

Ashland, NE Museums

Carnegie Library - NHR

Constructed in 1911 and listed on the National Register of Historic Places, the library is a good example of the Jacobethan Revival style. It was designed by the architectural firm of Fisher and Lawrie of Omaha. Funding to build the library was provided by Andrew

Ashland, NE Carnegie Libraries

Quarry Oaks Golf Course

Opened in September 1996 on the site of an old limestone quarry, this 18-hole, championship course is considered the state's most beautiful and challenging course. Carved out of a forest, the 7,000-yard layout, with steep, sloping fairways, uses a quarry as a water hazard.

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Ashland, NE Recreation

Ashland Stir-Up Celebration

Street Dance * Beer Garden * Carnival * Parade * Car Show * Teen Dance

Ashland Chamber of Commerce will host the Annual Stir-Up Days in July in downtown Ashland. The festival has been a continuous source of fun for over 60

Ashland, NE Festivals

Strategic Air and Space Museum

The new Strategic Air Command (SAC) Museum stands as a tribute to the men and women of SAC who safeguarded liberty around the globe for nearly 50 years. The story of SAC and its people is preserved for future generations within the wall of this extraordinary Museum. The Strategic Air &

Ashland, NE Museums

Things to do Archaeology near Ashland, NE

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Ashland Archaeological District - NHR

The Ashland Archeological District, registered on the National Register of Historic Places, contains a variety of t...