National Historic Register - Red Smoke is one of three Paleo-Indian Tradition sites excavated following World War II in response to construction of the Medicine Creek Dam and Reservoir. Field work uncovered seven distinct cultural layers in the banks of Lime Creek, the earliest of which is about 8,500 years old. The Red Smoke inhabitants were probably large game hunters, who roamed across the great Plains during and shortly following the last Ice Age. Activities carried out at and near the site include hunting of now extinct forms of bison and other animals, manufacture and sharpening of stone spear points, knives and scrapers, food preparation, and hide processing.
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