Nocona's history can be traced back to the early 1500s when Spanish explorers established missions in the area. Native Americans battled with Spanish settlers and forced them to vacate the area in the 1750s. By the 1800s, Kiowa and Comanche tribes roamed freely. In 1860, Chief Peter Nocona and his Comanche warriors waged a fierce battle, which lasted three days along the banks of the Pease River, against a group of Texas Rangers led by Capt. Sul Ross. Nocona, founded in 1887 and incorporated in 1891, was named for Chief Nocona.
Today, Nocona is known as the leather goods center of the Southwest and is famous for its family-owned business that manufactures baseball gloves, sporting goods, cowboy boots, saddles, and more.
The city is home to two city parks and two 18-hole golf courses. The Chisholm Trail Rodeo and Parade is celebrated the second weekend in July, and Nocona Fun Days are held the third Saturday in May.