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Seminole People


category : Ethnic Heritage
Seminole People Who Were the Seminoles?

As many of the tribes of the time were made up of small remnants of other tribes, so were the Seminoles. The language spoken was the Muskogean, also spoken by the Creeks. At one time the Seminoles were part of the group known as the Lower Creeks, living in Georgia and Alabama. Around the year 1750, because the Creek Council voted to return the slaves who were living in Creek country to the plantation owners who claimed them, the Lower Creeks withdrew and moved into Florida, taking the blacks with them. The blacks, who were called Freedmen, were given the right to form their own communities and govern themselves under the protection of the Lower Creeks.

In return the blacks paid tribute to the Indians by way of produce and livestock, much as the serfs had done in Europe.

The Creeks called this group of runaways, Seminoles, which meant "the ones who broke away." With other groups in Florida, such as the Hitchite, Cheaha-Alabama, Yuche, Mobile, Pensacola, Nachez, Ocheese, Mekusukey, Clusa and Apalache, the Seminoles became a loosely knit organization called the Seminole and were recognized as a separate tribe in 1775 by the Federal Government.

- Tuskoma Brown Miller, ESTE-CATE, 1982


Come visit us in Wewoka, Oklahoma

Attractions and Upcoming Events

Wewoka Library

One of the most beautiful small libraries of Oklahoma belongs to Wewoka. Founded in 1929, its architecture is reminiscent of New England. It has been recently renovated, and listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Wewoka, OK Historic Buildings

Seminole Nation Museum

Founded in 1974 by the citizens of Wewoka, the Seminole Nation Museum documents the history and culture of the Seminole Indian Nation, the Freedmen, and the early Oklahoma Pioneers since 1849.

Wewoka, OK Museums

Wewoka Lake

Wewoka Lake is open all year and provides a host of water activities, including water skiing, boating, sailing, fishing, and swimming. The lake as a surface area of 500 acres and is surrounded by a beautiful 10

Wewoka, OK Recreation


Whipping Tree

Standing on the lawn of the present day Seminole County Court House is the Whipping Tree where the Seminoles punished their criminals prior to 1907.

Wewoka, OK Ethnic Heritage

Things to do Ethnic Heritage near Wewoka, OK

Melvin B. Tolson Heritage Center

African and African-American history and heritage exhibits, art collection and multimedia resources. ...