Neosho County was established under the name of Dorn County by the so-called Bogus legislature held at Shawnee in 1855, as the Territorial Capital before Kansas became a state. Dorn was split into Neosho and Labette Counties in 1861. The name Neosho had been used by the Kansas Indians many years before white settlement. George Sibley of the Santa Fe Trail survey team mentioned the Nee Ozho River in his journal entry of August 5, 1825. Ne means "water" and osho means "stream in" or "stream with water in it."
The Osages described the color of Neosho as "Water-Like-the-Skin-of-a-Summer-Cow- Wapiti." Pioneers sometimes referred to the river as Noshow because it occasionally went dry in the summer.
Explore Neosho County
Susan Beth Janssen's 1800's Dress. Mem-Erie Museum has various collections that we wish to preserve for our children and grandchildren. We feel it is of great value to Erie and the surrounding area. We want to encourage the general public to feel that these are their ancestors and their history.Erie, KS Museums
Discover Chanute's rich historical heritage. Explore tree-lined streets made of hand-laid brick and note the architectural and cultural significance of many of Chanute's historic downtown buildings and elegant homes. A printed brochure of 24 sites dating mostly from 1890 to 1907Chanute, KS Tours