About 1820 the Kitkehahki (Republican) band of the Pawnees settled near the the Republican River which was named after them. It is said the name republican was given to this band because the first white men in contact with them thought, mistakenly, that their form of government was a republic. The Pawnees remained until about 1830 when they seem to have been forced by their traditional enemies, the Kaws (Kansa) and the Osages, to rejoin the other Pawnees in the Platte River valley.
Drought and famine served as impetus for many of Sweden's citizens to emigrate to the New World in the 1870s.
In 1868, The Scandinavian Agriculture Society of Chicago lined up twelve sections of land in southwestern Republic County. A number of Scandinavian settlers, traveling by rail to Junction City and then walking the rest of the way, selected a site which by 1876 would be called Scandia.
Explore Republic County
The Pawnee Indian Village Museum surrounds and explains an excavated Pawnee Indian earthlodge. The grounds are dotted with the remains of the village which include lodges, storage pits, plazas and a fortification wall. It is located seven miles north of US 36 on K-266, west of Hwy 81.Republic, KS Museums
The Boyer Museum of Animated Carvings houses a large collection of animated carvings and motion displays by local folk artist Paul Boyer. His artwork is amazing, unique, humorous and entertaining. His animated displays have been a highlight of the NCK Free Fair for over 20Belleville, KS Arts
Ada Lutheran Church is the most prominent limestone structure in southwest Republic County. The rock was quarried three miles west and hauled with hammer and chisel. The alter painting was done by Birger Sandzen. Church historians are currently translating the church board minutes from 1873 to the 1Courtland, KS Historic Churches