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Wilson County, KS

Wilson CountyWelcome to Wilson County, Kansas

Wilson County is an old county. It was named for Colonel Hiero T. Wilson an officer at Fort Scott. Originally, the lands were part of the Osage Indian Reserve and subject to white man's occupation. During the Civil War the white man began moving in. The Kansas legislature of 1867 set the dimensions of what we call Wilson County. This was a troubled time with the north and south both being represented as well as the white man versus the Indians.

The struggle to become a county took many years. From about 1855 until 1867 the biggest struggle was over where the county seat was to be located.
History tells us the county seat has been moved six times. Each time with
controversy; theft of county records, raids on the courthouse in broad daylight, threats to local holders, neighbors and relations and actual shootings.

Trivia Questions about the History of Wilson County

Q)1. What former Fredonia musician gained fame by playing in the John Phillips Sousa Band and later becoming even more well-known for his collection and composition of Indian musical themes, as well as voice, piano, flute, band, and orchestra?

A) Thurlow Lieurance.

Q)2. What Wilson County native was the first person to break the sound barrier?

A) The test pilot Capt. Milburn Apt, of Buffalo, Kansas, was the first person to break the sound barrier.

Q)3. What Wilson County town could boast the only "petticoat" government in the world in 1935?

A) In 1935 the mayor and city council of New Albany, Kansas were all women. This made New Albany the only "petticoat" government in the world.

Q)4. Who was the Wilson Countian awarded the Carnegie Medal of Honor in 1922 and for what act did he receive this award?

A) Samuel P. Booker of Altoona, Kansas was awarded the Carnegie Medal of Honor in 1922 for his attempt to save two young men. The men had become overcome with "white damp" gas while cleaning a 33 foot well on the Mayor family farm near Neodesha. Booker lost his life in this attempt. The medal is on display at the Wilson County Historic Society Museum.

Explore Wilson County

Stone House Gallery

Built in 1872, the Stone House was one of Fredonia's early residences and is a State of Kansas Historic Site. Today, it is the home of the Fredonia Arts Council.

Fredonia, KS Arts

Old Mill Dam

Scenic old mill dam, now part of the Fredonia electrical plant and mill dam park.

Fredonia, KS Historic Mills

Wilson County Historical Museum

It is a double treat to view the unique exhibits at the Wilson County Museum because they are on display in the jail cells of the old Wilson County Jail.

Fredonia, KS Museums

Historic Episcopal Church

The Episcopal Church of the Ascension was finished in 1909. It wasa Mission church of the Independence Diocese of the Episcopal Church under the Bishop of the Wichita Diocese.

Neodesha, KS Historic Churches

Tracing Trails of Blood on Ice

Opothleyahola's (Hopoeithleyohola's) Great Escape 1. LOCATION: A nature trail of the approximate route used by Opothleyahola (Hopoeithleyohola)

Fredonia, KS Historic Trails

Huge American Flag

40 x 60 foot flag greets residents and travelers from atop a 100 foot flagpole rising from Fredonia's South Mound. Beautiful park setting with views for miles around.

Fredonia, KS Landmarks

Historic Downtown Square

Most of the buildings making up the Fredonia Downtown Square were built in the late 1800's & early 1900'

Fredonia, KS Historic Downtowns

Historic Presbyterian Church

The first and only Presbyterian Church was built in 1886. The building remained unchanged until 1920 when the building was raised to put a basement underneath.

Neodesha, KS Historic Churches

Scenic Skyline Drive

No tour to Fredonia is complete without going on this scenic drive up to the "Top of the Mound." From this vantage point, you may enjoy the sights for miles around or just enjoy the beautiful park and picnic facilities. An observation tower provides unobstructed views and photo opportunities.

Fredonia, KS Scenic Drives

Wilson County Veterans Memorial

Located on the northwest corner of the Wilson County Courthouse lawn, this privately-funded memorial honors veterans from Wilson County. Additional veteran'

Fredonia, KS Monuments

Neodesha Arts Association

Housed in an impressive Georgian building built in 1914, the Neodesha Art Association sponsors summer theater for children, music performances, and drama. On the second Saturday of every September it hosts an Arts and Crafts Fair for area artisans with fun, food, and entertainment for all ages.

Neodesha, KS Arts

Cross Timbers State Park

Just 17 miles north of Fredonia, the Cross Timbers State Park includes five recreational areas surrounding Toronto reservoir. Facilities available at the park include boat ramps, hiking trails, improved campsites and modern restroom facilities.

Fredonia, KS State Parks

Explore Wilson County