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Woods County, OK

Woods CountyWoods County is located two counties east of the Oklahoma panhandle along the northern border of the state with the Cimmaron River forming it's southern border making it easily recognizable as being triangular in shape.

At the western edge of the county you'll want to visit the bigger-than-life community of Freedom where the cedar-fronted buildings on Main street create the appearance of an early frontier community. The town celebrates its Western heritage every August during the Freedom Rodeo & Old Cowhand Reunion - thousands of authentic and would-be cowboys from across the state attend yearly.

In Waynoka you can rent a six-man dune buggy and driver to cruise the sands of 1,800-acre Little Sahara State Park. All kinds of off-road vehicles are welcome here, and there are campgrounds for overnight trips.

Alva, the county seat of Woods County, is proud to be the home of Northwester Oklahoma State University and enjoys the diverse programs offered throughout the year. The Cherokee Strip Museum displays historical exhibits about the Cherokee Outlet as well as German artifacts from a POW camp south of town.

Cherokee Outlet history .

Much of its history is bound to the opening and closing of the Cherokee Outlet. The Treaty of New Echota (Georgia) in 1835, assured the Cherokee Nation of a "perceptual outlet west, and a free and unmolested use of all the county west of...said seven million acres." thus the Cherokee outlet was created. It was to serve as an "outlet" to their hunting grounds. The Cherokee Outlet is commonly, but wrongly, referred to as the Cherokee Strip. The Cherokee Strip is a strip of ground 2.46 miles wide, all in Kansas, that runs from the Neosho River on the east of the 100th meridian on the west. it was created due to a misunderstanding in the surveying of Osage lands in Kansas. The Cherokee Outlet is rectangular in shape and is 58 miles wide and 222 miles long, containing approximately 8,240,000 acres.

After the Civil War, when the cattle drives began, the cattlemen found the Outlet a good place to graze and keep the cattle on their way to market. In 1883, a Cherokee Strip Livestock Association was officially incorporated to deal with the Indians. This resulted in a five year lease with the Cherokees for $100,000 which was renewed in 1888 for $200,000. however, On February 17, 1890, President Benjamin Harrison issued a proclamation forbidding further introduction of cattle into the Outlet and ordering the removal of all cattle, buildings and fences before October , 1890, a deadline later extended to December 1, 1890. Apparently, sometime after this and before the "run," the entire Outlet was fenced to keep cattle out of the Outlet. The preferred barbed wire was, apparently, Scott's Arrow Plate, some of which may still be found in fences on the Kansas-Oklahoma border.

By 1890, the Outlet had been surveyed and divided into counties given the designations of K,L,M,N,O,P,and Q. The people were allowed to choose the name at the first general election held November 6, 1894. The Republicans chose the name Flynn. The Democrats chose the name Banner. The Populists won the election and chose the name Wood after a noted Kansas pioneer, Colonel Sam N. Wood. Through a clerical error the name was recorded as "Woods" instead of "Wood."

Explore Woods County

World War II POW Camp

A World War II POW Camp was located just south of Alva in the 1940s. More than 5,000 prisoners were interned at a time when the population of Alva itself was only 3,500.

Alva, OK Military History



Cherokee Strip Museum

In 1975 the Cherokee Strip Museum Association acquired the former Alva City Hospital building with its 40 rooms to house one of Oklahoma's best collections of pioneer exhibits. Several of the rooms are set up to display specific period artifacts. * Gun Room * Hat Room * Drug Store *

Alva, OK Museums

Outdoor Murals

The Cherokee Strip Land Run - Robert Cooke, 1998 Northwest wall at 6th and College

Alva, OK Arts

The Freedom Museum

The Freedom Museum is one of the most popular places of interest in this area. The museum houses one of the most extensive collections of late 1800s and early 1900

Freedom, OK Museums

Outdoor Murals

A series of outdoor murals throughout downtown Freedom depicts the area's significance. One inspirational mural entitled, "Posting The Colors" was created by western artist, Jack J. Wells, PRCAA.

Freedom, OK Arts



Alabaster State Park

Alabaster Caverns State Park, the largest gypsum cave in the world open to the public, is 3/4 miles long. Its rock and mineral formations can be seen in few other places. Massive boulders of alabaster, a fine-grained mass gypsum, is seen in many colors: pink, white and even a rare black.

Freedom, OK Recreation

Northwestern Oklahoma State Museum

Northwestern Oklahoma State University Museum houses one of the top taxidermic bird collections in the United States and also has natural history exhibits, fossils, and Indian artifacts.

Alva, OK Museums

Freedom Rodeo

Freedom's "pride and joy" is its annual rodeo held on the third weekend of August. Billed as "The Biggest Open Rodeo in the West," it has been drawing fans and contestants from all across the nation for 50

Freedom, OK Rodeos

Explore Woods County