The distinctive formations of the Antelope Hills were a landmark for Spanish explorers in the 1500s and later for settlers moving west on the south branch of the California Road. The Comanches, Kiowas and Lipan Apaches dominated this part of the plains until the Cheyenne and Arapaho migrated here in the early 1800s.
Roger Mills County is named in honor of Roger Q. Mills, a Texas Congressman who supported Oklahoma for statehood. Before we were Roger Mills County, this area was known as "F" County, Oklahoma Territory, and Day County. The Land Run of 1892 opened the Cheyenne and Arapaho Reservation to white settlement. Many who live in the area are direct descendents of the pioneers and of Cheyenne Chief Black Kettle?s band.
Lt. Col. George Custer?s attack on Chief Black Kettle?s sleeping village in 1868 is commemorated in the Washita Battlefield National Historic Site, the Black Kettle Museum and the ?Washita Woman? Statue. Other
attractions such as the Strong City Townsite House, Santa Fe Depot,
Minnie R. Slief Community Museum, Metcalfe Art Gallery and Museum, and the Roll One-Room School depict the pioneer heritage and spirit that is a source of pride for residents of Roger Mills County.
Other landmarks include the Veteran?s Monument, Cheyenne Memorial Wall of Fame and Longhorn Field House. The Red Rock Records Vault is all that remains of the old courthouse burned by outlaws trying to destroy evidence against themselves.
Old west adventures become reality at the Black Kettle Roundup Club?s Memorial Rodeo on Memorial Day weekend as cowboys and cowgirls compete in the country?s top rodeo.
One of the oldest powwows in Oklahoma, the Red Moon PowWow takes place the last weekend in May with Native Americans in authentic clothing participating in song and dance contests.
The Pioneer Day Festival on the first Saturday after Labor Day features an arts & crafts show, games, exhibits, food, an auction and much more.
Explore Roger Mills County
Cheyenne was the western terminus for the Clinton, Oklahoma, and Western Railroad (also known as the "COW") until the Santa Fe took over in 1928 and extended the line to Pampa, Texas. Passenger service survived until the 1960's using a "doodlebug" (AT&SF Motorcar #M.177) as train numbers 63 & 64Cheyenne, OK Railroad History
Washita Battlefield National Historic Site protects and interprets the site of the Southern Cheyenne village of Peace Chief Black Kettle that was attacked by the 7th U.S. Cavalry under Lt. Col. George A. Custer just before dawn on November 27, 1868Cheyenne, OK Battlesites
The Pioneer Memorial Wall lists the names of settlers and residents of Roger Mills county. Accompanying the memorial wall is a brief history monument of the settlement of the county and its development from the 1541 crossing by Coronado, through the Indian occupation, the "Land Run,"Cheyenne, OK Memorials
The Cheyenne Roger Mills Chamber of Commerce & Tourism is located in the old Black Kettle Museum. Stop in the visitor center and get directions and free brochures. You can purchase our Roger Mills County Afghans which come in 3Cheyenne, OK Businesses
Introduction The cultural collision between pioneers and Indians reached its peak on the Great Plains during the decades before and after the Civil War. U.S. Government policy sought to separate tribes and settlers from each other by establishing an Indian Territory (present-day Oklahoma)Cheyenne, OK
Step across the threshold of this restored one-room school and see the teacher and scholars in 1910 dress. Relive McGuffy Readers, ciphering, inkwells and pens, lunchtins, outhouses, marbles, roll the hoop, ante over, lye soap, and more in this "hands on" history experience.Cheyenne, OK Pioneer History