Two very important military roads which played a significant role in the settlement of the United States and which crossed Rush County were the Ft. Hays-Ft. Dodge trail and the Ft. Hays-Ft. Larned trail. These two trails formed a triangle with the Ft. Larned-Ft. Dodge sector of the Santa Fe Trail. The distance between Ft. Hays and Ft. Dodge was 90 miles. It was 50 miles between Ft. Hays and Ft. Larned. A round trip from Ft. Hays to Ft. Dodge to Ft. Larned and a return trip to Ft. Hays took three days. After Ft. Fletcher was abandoned and moved to the Ft. Hays location a shorter trail to Ft. Larned was used.
Along the Ft. Hays-Ft. Dodge trail the army from Ft. Hays established at least two major wells in the county. One is still in use. They also established camps for gathering wood in at least three locations in Rush county.
On a hill north of the creek near Alexander a private fort with a stockade wall was established by Mr. Fink shortly after Ft. Hays was built. The fort known as Fink's Fort was sold in later years to a Mrs. O'Laughlin.
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At first, church services for Liebenthal residents were held in homes or in the open air (weather permitting) whenever an itinerate priest would visit the village. The first Roman Catholic church was completed in 1878. By the early 1900s, a larger church building was needed. From 1902 until 1905Liebenthal, KS Historic Churches