Belva's Real Estate Florence Visitors Center

Pinal County Courthouse

category : Historic Courthouses
Pinal County Courthouse Built in 1891, the second Pinal County Courthouse is the oldest public building in daily use in Arizona. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places, it is an excellent example of American-Victorian architecture with metal columns, lintels, and cornices that reflected the County Supervisors' commitment to continued growth and prosperity in Pinal County.

The rounded part of the building at the rear served as the County Jail and Sheriff's office. The courtroom was on the second floor directly above the jail. It was here where Pearl Hart, Arizona's only woman bandit, was confined. She was tried here for stage robbery and was sentenced to serve five years in the Territorial Prison at Yuma. In 1899, Miss Hart's accomplice in the robbery, Joe Boot, got 30 years for the same crime.

A trial was being conducted in the old courtroom when pounding and hammering started below. It grew so loud, the judge called a recess and sent the bailiff to order a halt until the trial was concluded. The bailiff returned laughing and explained that the prisoners in jail below had been pounding a hole through the wall directly below the judge's bench. Fortunately, their work was interrupted before they could escape.

Florence contractors, A.J. Doran and T.A. Adams built the courthouse for a cost of $29,000. A shortage of funds resulted in painted metal clock faces in the distinctive cupola. Thus, "time stands still" at 11:44.

Address: Pinal and 12th Streets

Come visit us in Florence, Arizona

Attractions and Upcoming Events

Clarke House

Indian raids on white settlers were common in the 1880s. When William Clarke, a mining engineer, and his wife Ella came to Florence, he devised built-in security in constructing his residence about 1884

Florence, AZ Historic Homes

Jesus Martinez House

In 1888, Florence staged her most famous gunfight between ex-sheriff, Pete Gabriel and his former deputy, Joe Phy. The shooting started in the Tunnel Saloon and ended in the middle of Main Street. Gabriel survived; Phy died a few hours later. Also surviving the showdown was a 6 x 4

Florence, AZ Historic Homes

McFarland State Park

This adobe structure is the first Pinal County Courthouse built in 1877. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places

Florence, AZ Historic Courthouses

Things to do Historic Courthouses near Florence, AZ