Baldwin City,,Kansas

Baldwin, Historical Marker


category : Pioneer Life
Baldwin, Historical Marker Here, and for the next 300 miles west, Highway 56 roughly follows the old Santa Fe Trail, and frequently crosses it. White settlement began in this area in 1854, the year Kansas became a territory, and in 1855 the town of Palmyra was founded. When Baker University was established on the outskirts in 1858 a new town sprang up. It was named for John Baldwin, an Ohio capitalist, who in 1857 hauled a steam sawmill in over the trail. By 1863, Palmyra has merged with Baldwin.


Local settlers were "Free-State" in the fight over slavery; several were captured in a Proslavery raid of 1856. Among Free State leaders was Dr. Andrew T. Still, founder of osteopathy, whose theory of healing developed here.


Baker University, named for Methodist Bishop Osmon Baker, is the state's oldest 4-year college. It houses the famous Bishop Quayle Bible Collection and its first building, the "Old Castle", is now a museum.


Erected by the Kansas State Historical Society and State Highway Commission


Address: U.S. Highway 56 just east of High Street

Come visit us in Baldwin City, Kansas

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Baldwin City Map

Upcoming Events near Baldwin City, Kansas

Annual Lawrence Indian Arts Show

Start Date: Fri August, 26th
Juried Competition featuring two and three dimensional art work by contemporary American Indian artists from across the Unite...

Holiday Art Sale

Start Date: Fri December, 9th
Come see the artwork of local artists at the Lumberyard Arts Center Holiday Art Sale! This event will also be held during the...

Meriden Threshing Show

Start Date: Fri July, 15th
The most complete working Blacksmith Shop in the Midwest (circa 1925) See the thick and thin steam powered saw mill sawing l...

July 4th Celebration

Start Date: Fri July, 1st
Overbrook 4thof July events: (note from Overbrook PRIDE, Inc — Thanks everyone for all the donations to our fireworks displ...

Grape Escape

Start Date: Fri July, 29th
Food and wine festival with wines from around the world, gourmet hors d'oeuvres, and desserts. This annual wine and food fest...

Douglas County Fair Demolition Derby

Start Date: Fri July, 29th
A crash, bang car demolition derby featuring a compact car class. Time: 7:30 p.m....

Juneteenth - Back Home - Celebration

Start Date: Fri June, 10th
Juneteenth is the oldest known celebration commemorating the ending of slavery in the United States. We will celebrate with ...

Annual St. John's Mexican Fiesta

Start Date: Fri June, 17th
Authentic Mexican food, live entertainment, games and so much more. Time: 6-11pm....

Territorial Days

Start Date: Fri June, 17th
Annual, two-day Lecompton community-wide historic celebration of Lecompton's rich, nationally famous Pre-Civil War and Bleedi...

Baldwin City Art Walks

Start Date: Fri June, 17th
See the artwork of local artists in Baldwin City every 3rd Friday of the month from June through September! ...

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