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Ashland Archaeological District - NHR


category : Archaeology

The Ashland Archeological District, registered on the National Register of Historic Places, contains a variety of temporally diverse features, primarily representing late prehistoric (Oneota and Central Plains traditions, A.D. 1000-1400) and protohistoric (some undefined relationship to the post-contact Lower Loup phase) occupations. Presently there is only limited evidence of earlier prehistoric remains (Plains Archaic and Plains Woodland traditions).


Included are house floors attributable to both the Oneota and Central Plains traditions, interior and exterior cache pits assigned to the Oneota, Central Plains, and possibly Lower Loup, as well as burials that probably represent Plains Archaic, Plains Woodland, Oneota, and Central Plains traditions. The Oto tribes and their predecessors that occupied the area around Ashland traditionally buried their dead in mound burial sites. Such sites have been identified and preserved in Mahoney State Park.

Midden deposits have also been defined on the upper ridge occupied by the Oneota remains, as well as on the terrace, where cache pits of possible Lower Loup association were found. The lithic materials found throughout the district suggest that procurement and processing of locally available stone may have been one reason for the concentration of activity occurring in this area over a considerable period of time. Trade materials in the "Lower Loup" area and in one Oneota burial indicate some level of European contact.

Currently the site covers roughly 180 acres along the south bank of Salt Creek.


Come visit us in Ashland, Nebraska

Attractions and Upcoming Events

Carnegie Library - NHR

Constructed in 1911 and listed on the National Register of Historic Places, the library is a good example of the Jacobethan Revival style. It was designed by the architectural firm of Fisher and Lawrie of Omaha. Funding to build the library was provided by Andrew

Ashland, NE Carnegie Libraries

Ashland Stir-Up Celebration

Street Dance * Beer Garden * Carnival * Parade * Car Show * Teen Dance

Ashland Chamber of Commerce will host the Annual Stir-Up Days in July in downtown Ashland. The festival has been a continuous source of fun for over 60

Ashland, NE Festivals

Vernon Dean House

Many of the homes in Ashland carry a legacy of their own with some residences dating back over 100 years, and a majority of these are still lived in. One of these historic homes is over 135 years old and is still lived in without much visible change in its exterior appearance. In 1864

Ashland, NE Historic Homes

First Christian Church (DOC)

L.C. Barrow and D. R. Dungan, prominent evangelists of the early 1880's, were instrumental in establishing the First Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) in Ashland, Nebraska. This little band of Christians met in different homes or other availbale places until 1884

Ashland, NE Churches


Things to do Archaeology near Ashland, NE

Historical Indian Villages

These sites located throughout Saunders County have been registered as National Historic Places because of their v...

Nehawka Flint Quarries - NHR

Early archeologists observed nearly 300 unusual depressions in flint-rich areas of Pennsylvanian limestone formation along...