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Historic Square


category : National Register
Historic Square

The Fairbury Commercial District, consisting of a 10-block downtown area of 97 contributing buildings, was officially entered in the National Register of Historic Places on June 20, 1997. The Historic District is representative of architectural styles utilized in the evolution of a typical Nebraska regional trade center, according to Nebraska State Historical Society preservation specialist Bill Callahan. "This district exhibits densely placed historic buildings, displaying high integrity," he said. "The brick pavement, which fills virtually all of the district's thoroughfares, contributes to the architectural cohesiveness of the downtown area."


Commerical trends in the district are represented by styles and property types found in typical Nebraska business districts. The period of significance of the district, which dates between 1873 and 1947, is supported by Fairbury's location along the former Rock Island Railroad main line, according to Callahan.


The growth and prosperity of Fairbury are represented by an abundance of early high styleHistoric Square 2 commercial buildings such as Italianate, Romanesque Revival, Queen Anne, Late Gothic Revival and Neo-Classical Revival. The district exhibits a healthy construction atmosphere throughout the first four decades of the 20th century and retains a significant number of these buildings, according to Callahan. Between 1900 and 1929, a total of 64 buildings were constructed. The properties comprise 55 percent of the buildings in the district. One of the strongest construction periods occurred during the 1920s, with the construction of 25 buildings.


The National Register of Historic Places is the nation's inventory of properties deemed worthy of preservation, according to Callahan. It is part of a national program to coordinate and support local and private efforts to identify, evaluate and protect the nation's historic and archeological resources. The National Register was developed to recognize historic places that contributed to our country's heritage.



Come visit us in Fairbury, Nebraska

Attractions and Upcoming Events

Jefferson County Courthouse

The Fairbury Journal-News once printed that the Jefferson County Courthouse was not a museum, but perhaps it should qualify. Business is still conducted daily but visitors may wish to stop in just to have a look at the building and it's contents. Built in 1891 at a cost of $60,000

Fairbury, NE Historic Courthouses

Bonham Theatre

Both the Bonham Theatre, and the First National Bank, located on the northwest corner of Fifth and E streets, were at one time owned by Luther Bonham.

Bonham Theatre'

Fairbury, NE Theatres

Fairbury City Park

Tourists, outdoorsmen and nature lovers have plenty of opportunities to take full advantage of the great outdoors while in Fairbury.

Fairbury has acres and acres and acres of parks.

The City Park, located on the southwest edge of town, is over 42

Fairbury, NE Recreation

Frontier Fun Park

Nebraska's first community-built playground was built in 1995

Fairbury, NE Recreation

Four Corner Survey Marker

The Kansas-Nebraska Act of May 30, 1854, created the territories of Nebraska and Kansas, which had to be surveyed before settlement of the prairies could proceed. On May 8, 1855, Charles A. Manners set a cast-iron monument on the bluff west of the Missouri river at 40-degrees north latitude. In 1855

Fairbury, NE Historical Markers

Things to do National Register near Fairbury, NE