Local settlers were "Free-State" in the fight over slavery; several were captured in a Proslavery raid of 1856. Among Free State leaders was Dr. Andrew T. Still, founder of osteopathy, whose theory of healing developed here.
Baker University, named for Methodist Bishop Osmon Baker, is the state's oldest 4-year college. It houses the famous Bishop Quayle Bible Collection and its first building, the "Old Castle", is now a museum.
Erected by the Kansas State Historical Society and State Highway Commission
Address: U.S. Highway 56 just east of High Street
Come visit us in Baldwin City, Kansas
The stone building was used to house prisoners before the courthouse was finished in 1883. ...